A very handy community project that documents support for ARIA and native HTML accessibility features in screen readers and browsers.
Thursday, October 22nd, 2020
Thursday, June 25th, 2020
A score of 100 in Lighthouse or 0 errors in axe doesn’t mean that you’re done, it means that you’re ready to start manual testing and testing with real users, if possible.
Tuesday, June 23rd, 2020
This is a great short introduction to using VoiceOver with Safari by the one and only Ethan Marcotte.
Friday, June 12th, 2020
A really great one-page guide to HTML from Bruce. I like his performance-focused intro:
If your site is based on good HTML, it will load fast. Browsers incrementally render HTML—that is, they will display a partially downloaded web page to the user while the browser awaits the remaining files from the server.
Friday, April 17th, 2020
This is a terrific explanation of the concept of accessible names in HTML, written with verve and style!
Contrary to what you may think, naming an element involves neither a birth certificate nor the HTML
nameattribute is never directly exposed to the user, and is used only when submitting forms. Birth certificates have thus far been ignored by spec authors as a potential method for naming controls, but perhaps when web UI becomes sentient and self-propagating, we’ll need to revisit that.
Wednesday, April 8th, 2020
Consider what React and other SPA frameworks are good for: stateful, extensible component-driven applications. Now consider what a résumé’s goals are.
Thursday, March 26th, 2020
This surprises me. But forewarned is forearmed.
Monday, March 23rd, 2020
Amber runs through some HTML elements that help you provide semantic information—and accessibility—for your website: headings, paragraphs, lists, and more:
You may be aware that ARIA roles are often used with HTML elements. I haven’t written about them here, as it’s good to see how HTML written without ARIA can still be accessible.
Saturday, February 15th, 2020
Like a little mini CSS Zen Garden, here’s one compenent styled five very different ways.
Crucially, the order of the markup doesn’t consider the appearance—it’s concerned purely with what makes sense semantically. And now with CSS grid, elements can be rearranged regardless of source order.
CSS is powerful and capable of doing amazingly beautiful things. Let’s embrace that and keep the HTML semantical instead of adapting it to the need of the next design change.
Friday, February 14th, 2020
Chris takes two side-by-side deep dives; one into the
a element, the other into the
Even if you think you already know those elements well, I bet there’ll be something new here for you. Like, did you know that the
button element can have form over-riding attributes like
Monday, February 10th, 2020
It’s now easier than ever to style form controls without sacrificing semantics and accessibility:
The reason is that we can finally style the ::before and ::after pseudo-elements on the
<input>tag itself. This means we can keep and style an
<input>and won’t need any extra elements. Before, we had to rely on the likes of an extra
<span>, to pull off a custom design.
The demo is really nice. And best of all, you can wrap all of these CSS enhancements in a feaure query:
Hopefully, you’re seeing how nice it is to create custom form styles these days. It requires less markup, thanks to pseudo-elements that are directly on form inputs. It requires less fancy style switching, thanks to custom properties. And it has pretty darn good browser support, thanks to
Friday, December 13th, 2019
At the risk of being a broken record; HTML really needs
<tooltip>elements. Not more “low-level primitives” but good ol’ fashioned, difficult-to-get-consensus-on elements.
I wish browsers would prioritize accessibility improvements over things like main thread scheduling optimization to unblock tracking pixels and the Sisyphean task of competing with native.
If we really want to win, let’s make it easy for everyone to access the Web.
Thursday, November 7th, 2019
Nolan writes up what he learned making accessibiity improvements to a single page app. The two big takeways involve letting the browser do the work for you:
Here’s the best piece of accessibility advice for newbies: if something is a button, make it a
<button>. If something is an input, make it an
<input>. Don’t try to reinvent everything from scratch using
And then there are all the issues that crop up when you take over the task of handling navigations:
- You need to manage focus yourself.
- You need to manage scroll position yourself.
For classic server-rendered pages, most browser engines give you this functionality for free. You don’t have to code anything. But in an SPA, since you’re overriding the normal navigation behavior, you have to handle the focus yourself.
Wednesday, October 16th, 2019
Beyond automatic accessibility testing: 6 things I check on every website I build - Manuel Matuzović
Six steps that everyone can do to catch accessibility gotchas:
- Check image descriptions
- Disable all styles
- Validate HTML
- Check the document outline
- Grayscale mode
- Use the keyboard
Tuesday, June 18th, 2019
A deep dive with good advice on using—and labelling—sectioning content in HTML:
Sunday, June 16th, 2019
The lowest common denominator of the Web. The foundation. The rhythm section. The ladyfingers in the Web trifle. It’s the HTML. And it is becoming increasingly clear to me that there’s a whole swathe of Frontend Engineers who don’t know or understand the frontend-est of frontend technologies.
Sunday, February 17th, 2019
When in doubt, label your icons.
When not in doubt, you probably should be.
Sunday, January 27th, 2019
Friday, January 18th, 2019
This is an excellent case study!
The technical details are there if you want them, but far more important is consideration that went into every interaction. Every technical decision has a well thought out justification.
Friday, January 11th, 2019
How did I miss this great post from 2016 by one of my favourite people‽ It’s even more more relevant today.